Sevilla’s rich history begins with Roman rule in which the city would be named Hispalis in the 2nd century B.C.. Then in the 5th century B.C., Hispalis was ruled by a Germanic tribe called the Silingi and later ruled by the Visigoths in 461 A.D.
Much of the influences seen today in Sevilla are from its long rule under Muslim leaders. In 711 A.D., The Visogoths lost Hispalis to the Abbadid Dynasty. The name Hispalis was then changed to Lxvillia which its modern name derives from. Under Muslim rule Sevilla saw great success. It was the capital of Muslim ruled Spain and as a result Sevilla grew substantially with grand architectural projects and increased trade. Then in 1248 A.D., the Catholic King Ferdinand III conquered Sevilla and ended 500 years of Muslim rule. Much like Granada, Sevilla would also go through a period of Inquisition in which Muslims, as well as Jews, were either converted or forced out of the city. As a result, Sevilla’s economy would fall into ruin for some time.
Sevilla and the New World
With the discovery of the New World came a prosperous Sevilla. The city became the primary port of departure and entry for Spanish explorers heading West. With this exploration, and the exploitation of native populations in the Americas, came increased trade in gold and silver as well as goods that Europe had never seen before, In 1503 Sevilla built La Casa de Contratacion which helped to regulate the commerce between Spain and the Americas. For 200 years Sevilla was the primary site of Spain’s New World commerce. By the end of the 16th century, Sevilla had become the richest and most populous city in all of Spain.
Information found on Britannica: