Segovia

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History

” Segovia is symbolic of a complex, historical reality. Its neighborhoods, streets, and houses are laid out in accordance with a social structure in which hierarchy was organized and dominated by belonging to one of the different cultural communities. Moors, Christians, and Jews coexisted for a long period of time in the medieval city and worked together during the 16th century manufacturing boom.  The evidence of this cultural process can be seen in the large number of outstanding monuments in the city.” -UNESCO

The city of Segovia was an Iberian settlement starting in 700 BC and was taken over by the Romans in 80 BC. Under Roman rule, the famous Aqueduct of Segovia was built around 50 BC. Segovia was then taken over by the Moors around 8 AD. Under Islamic rule the construction of the Alcazar of Segovia began and was completed by the 12th century. The Alcazar was used as a royal palace and military fortress for both Islamic and Christian rulers. Segovia was taken by Christian ruler Alfonso VI in 1079 and the Alcazar would house many Spanish rulers in the centuries to come.

The Aqueduct

“The Aqueduct of Segovia is a unique structure from the Roman Empire that still conveys its original character and remains a prominent and evocative feature of the regional landscape It represents both the expansion of the Roman Empire during the 1st century A.D. and the attention to aesthetics and functionality that are so strongly associated with the engineering prowess of the Roman world. The Aqueduct of Segovia functioned for many centuries after the fall of the Roman Empire and served the communities of Segovia well into the modern era. Today it is one of the features of the landscape of Castilla y León that gives character to the region and is well-deserving of the attention it is receiving for its continued protection and stabilization.” -The World Monuments Fund

The Roman Aqueduct in Segovia was added to the UNESCO World Heritage Site list in 1985 and to the World Monuments Fund in 2006. It is still regarded today as one of best preserved Roman aqueducts in the world. The aqueduct carries water from el Rio Frio 16 km (10 mi) away to the city of Segovia until the mid 19th century. It is made up of roughly 24,000 granite blocks that stay together without the use of mortar. The aqueduct is approximately 728 m (2,388 ft) long, 28.5 m (93.5 ft) tall, and each of the 165 arches are roughly 9 m (30 ft) tall.

Information found on:

https://www.britannica.com/place/Segovia-Spain

https://www.britannica.com/topic/Segovia-aqueduct

https://whc.unesco.org/en/list/311/

https://www.wmf.org/project/aqueduct-segovia

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