Madeline Pestana as Text 2019: Tivoli, Rome, Pompeii, Pisa, Florence, Cinque Terre, and Venice

Pisa/Siena as Text

Picture by Madeline Pestana

“Patterns in History” by Madeline Pestana of FIU

When examining the course of history, several patterns can be identified: war strategies, architectural designs, and urban plans. Roman columns from the early developments of the Roman Empire are incorporated into the structural design of the United States Capitol in Washington D.C. thousands of years later. War strategies are constantly studied and modified for improvements. Identifying patterns in history may be used to prevent destruction but in several cases these patterns are overlooked. The cities studied throughout this course all lie within boundaries and have remnants of a wall that once stretched along its boundaries. Walls throughout history have been built, including those that extended throughout the Roman Empire, Pisa, Siena and Assisi. These walls particularly the ones around Pisa had passageways allowing people to enter and exit freely. Built into the city walls of Siena were roads which increased trade and boosted their economy. Similarly, the Roman Empire kept open passageways for people to enter and exit freely as long as Roman laws were followed. For hundreds of years cities functioned successfully with these walls and embedded passageways. Unfortunately, the fall of these powerful cities was eventually caused by several factors, none pertaining to immigration. Immigration in these cases helped the economy and spread religion. In present day, the people of the United States are torn between building or not building a wall between their neighboring country, Mexico and the U.S. Could these patterns in history be used to prove or disprove the benefits of building a wall? In a previous post I talked about inclusion and finding a way to increase unity in the United States. Based on patterns in history, city walls were used to exclude enemies/invaders and include those who are willing to follow laws and contribute to society. Will building this wall increase or decrease inclusivity? Based on patterns in history, city walls were used for defense, however the cities still fell. Patterns as such generate more questions than answers. Is the rise and fall of a city/empire/country an inevitably recurring cycle? In the tile of Duomo di Siena is a depiction of life and the passage through time. Eventually history will repeat itself, creating patterns over time. Could the discussion of the wall just be another piece of the cycle?

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